With regard to the works of Shaykh Saduq, it has already been pointed
out that Najashi mentions 193, the Qisasu'l-'Ulama' 189, Tusi 43 and
Rawdatu'l-Jannat 17 works. The last-named work says that he is the
author of 300 books; this clearly follows the tradition of earlier authorities.
This wide divergence in number, although it cannot be fully explained, may be
due to the fact that the titles mentioned by Najashi may, in a large number of
cases, be called the chapters of a book, rather than books themselves. It is
also possible that in some instances the same book may have been known by two
The lists below first consists of the books which are known and
The two earliest authorities are Tusi and Najashi, and they give the
following authorities for their statements:
TUSI. After mentioning 43 works, he says that there also exist smaller
works, the names of which are not known to him (p.305). His sources are a number
of people, chief among whom are (1) Shaykh Abu 'Abdi'l-lah Muhammad b. Md. b.
Nu'man, (2) al-Husayn b. 'Ubaydu'l-lah, (3) Abu'l-Hasan Ja'far b. al-Hasan b.
Khaska (?) al-Qummi, and (4) Abu Zakariya' Md. b. Sulayman al-Hamrani, all of
whom were personally in touch with the author.
NAJASHI. He says that some of the books were actually read by his
father 'Ali b. Ahmad b. al-'Abbas an-Najashi- with the author, and the rest were
specifically mentioned by him (the father) when he heard of them at Baghdad. The
father was given an ijaza by Sh. Saduq to teach all the books.
It is very interesting to observe that Khwansari in Rawdatu'l-Jannat,
after mentioning 17 works, observes that "the rest of the works have
not come down to us".
It will be observed that a full reference to all manuscript catalogues has
not been possible in Bombay. Hence only a selection from the most important
catalogues has been made. Nevertheless, it is hoped that a clear idea of the
extant works of the Shaykh can be obtained from List A, and List B may be used
for reference as Najashi is not always available and an alphabetical arrangement
may facilitate reference. The manuscript catalogues used are indicated by
abbreviations which can easily be identified with the help of Brockelmann's Geschichte
der arab ischen Litteratur and the recent Supplement, where full
references are to be found. The only exceptions are Sipahsalar, Browne and one
or two others, which are included in the list of abbreviations.
Works known and preserved
Not mentioned by Tusi or Najashi. Kashf, 239;
Text. GAL, i. 187; GAL, Sup. i. 322 (7) numerous references.
According to Brockelmann "Eng. Trans. By A.A.A.Fyzee, 1932" (!);
Browne, p.16;Brit.Mus.,851; Cod. Br. Mus., add. 19,623; Rieu, 385; Pet: Am., 61;
lv. ASB. Ar., 828,829, 830;Berlin, 1944.
Lith. Najaf 1343/1924-25 (together with three other risalas), pp.234
= N; Delhi (with Urdu trans. by Md. I'jaz Husayn), Ithna'Ashari Press, 1347 (1st
ed. 1332), Tehran (together with four other risalas), 1274 = T.
Persian Translation. Iv. Cur., 386. Sipahsalar, vol. ii, is not available to
me, but in vol.i, p.534, no.1839 is mentioned in the footnote.
Commentary. Arabic, Tashihul-Itiqadat by Sh. Mufid, see
GAL, Sup. i. 323. Printed in the Arabic periodical al-Murshid, Baghdad,
1344 sqq., vols. I, II and III were available to me by the kindness of the
Rampur State Library. The rest, not available. A MS. copy exists in the Asafiya
(Hyderabad, Deccan). Mufid differs on many points from Saduq, but according to
RJ the truth is with both of them, 563.
Tehran, 621/8 (ii. 379) mentions a Persian sharh by Abu'1 Fath
2. Ikmaludin wa Itmamu'n Ni'ma fi
Ithbatu'l-ghayba wa Kashfu'l-hayra.
Kashf, 271, add not mentioned by Najashi or Tusi. RJ doubts
Text. Ed. F. Moller, Heidelberg, 1901; Sarkis, Mu'jam, 44; GAL,
Sup. i. 322, many references. Berlin, 2721/2; Paris, 1231; Manchester, 807;
Heidelberg. ZS, x. 74; Blochet, Nouv. Acq., 6666; Sipahsalar,
vol. I, nos. 97,271, 272 (pp.204-207), gives good account of Saduq and
3. Kitabu'l-Amali (Al-majalis)
Kashf 278; RJ; but not mentioned either by Najashi or Tusi under
this name. The majalis of early authorities is probably the Amali
of later ones. See also no.12 below.
GAL, i. 187; Sup.i,321,322; Berlin, 1269;Tehran, ii. 24-25 (p.11) Meshed,
iv. 3, 5, 8;W. Ivanow in JRAS for 1920,543.
Lith. Tehran, 1300 AH.; Brit. Mus., Cat. of Print. Books, 163. The
Amali is a closely printed book (10 by 6 inches) of 402 pp.,
consisting of 97 babs, and containing many interesting things on a
variety of subjects.
Tusi (29); Najashi; RJ; Kashf 2391.
GAL, Sup. i. 322; Meshed, JRAS for 1920, 543 (3 copies); Sipahsalar,
106, 295, 296 (pp.229-230).
Lith. Tabriz or Tehran (?); no date or place, pp. 383, 7 by 4½ inches,
containing 64 babs.
5. Kitab Thawabu'1-A'mal.
Najashi; Tusi (34);RJ (10); Kashf, 733.
GAL, Sup. i. 322; Browne, 10; Manchester, 94.
Najashi; RJ; Kashf, 1050.
GAL, Sup. i. 322; Meshed, W. Ivanow in JRAS for
Lith. Tehran, 1302; Sarkis, Mu'jam, 44.
Berlin, 1370; apparently only one known copy. Sh. Mufid
wrote a refutation of this, RJ, 564.
Najashi; Tusi (35); Kashf, 2120; GAL, Sup.
- Kitab Ilali'sh-Shara'i' wal-Ahkam.
Najashi; Tusi (20); RJ; Kashf 2129.
GAL, i. 187; Sup.i. 321; Berlin, 8326, 8327;Br. Mus., 1196,
add. 23, 261 (p.542); Iv. ASB. Ar., 1038; Sipahsalar, 132 (pp.278-279)
- Kitabu'l-'Ilal ghayr mubawwab.
Najashi; Tusi (25).
Cf. GAL, i. 187 (al- 'ilal); not known
whether a separate work. Cf. Berlin, 8326, 8327.
Not mentioned by Najashi or Tusi; RJ; Kashf, 2149.
GAL, i. 187; Sup. i. 321; Berlin, 9663; Munich, 188. 456; Paris,
2018; Br. Mus., 1619; and or. 130 (p.730); India Office, 146; Meshed, W. Ivanow,
JRAS for 1920; 543 (3 copies); Tehran, 550; Sipahsalar, 135, 360, 361,
362, 364 (PP.282-283).
Lith. Tehran, 1275 A. H.
Persian Translation. Bankipore, 507 (vi. 150) Sipahsalar, 103
Persian Paraphrase. Iv. ASB. Per., 1108, 1109.
12. Dhikr majlis al-ladhi jara lahu bayna yaday Ruknu'd-Dawla.
GAL, i. 187, Sup i. 322; Br Mus., add. 16,832 (31), p.403;
Strothmann Isl. XXI, 307. Kashf, 3120 gives another title:
Najashi mentions it and goes on. It is probable that all
of these are now collected in the lithographed text of the Amali (no.3
above) which consists of 97 majlis.
Najashi; Tusi (36); RJ; Kashf, 2992.
GAL, i. 187; Sup. i. 321; India Office, 145.
Persian Translation. Tehran, 25(ii. 16).
- Kitabu'l-Muqni' fi'l-fiqh.
Najashi; Tusi; Kashf, 3079.
GAL, Sup. i. 322 (13).
Lith Persia, 1860 A. H.; Sarkis, Mujam, 44; Br. Mus., Cat. Arab
Print. Books, 164.
- Man la yahdhuru-hu'l-Faqhih.
Not mentioned by Najashi; Tusi (28); RJ; Kashf 3170.
GAL, i. 187; Sup. i. 321 (numerous references); Berlin, 4782/3;
Pet., 250; Br. Mus., 905; Sup., 330, add. 19,358; Ind. Of., 289; Paris,
1108; Blochet, Nouv. Acq., 6615, 6616, 5559, 6662; Bodl. ii.
84-86; Buhar, 50; Bankipore, 263, 264, 479; Sipahsalar, 154 (and 10 other
copies), gives full and very valuable account of its composition. See below.
Lith. Lucknow, A.H. 1306-7, 4 vols.; Sarkis, Mu'jam, 44; Br. Mus.,
Cat. Arab. Print. Books, 164.
Persian Commentary. Iv. Cur., 381; Bankipore, 1258, 1259, 1260.
With regard to its composition, the author writes in the introduction that
when he was at Ilaq, near Balkh, he met Sharafu'd-din Abu 'Abdi'l-lah, known as
Ni'matu'l-lah, Md. b. Hasan b. Ishaq b. Husayn b. Ishaq b. Musa b. Ja'far as
-Sadiq and greatly profited by his learned company and discourse. They discussed
the book Man la yahduru-hut-Tabib of Md. b. Zakariya ar-Razi and
Ni'matu'l-lah asked him to compose a book regarding what is lawful and unlawful
and the sharia and its rulings. Sh. Saduq agreed to the suggestion and composed
the book (Sipahsalar, i. 325). The title is reminiscent of Ismaili Law of
It is difficult to give an explanation why Najashi does not mention this the
most important of the Shaykh's works, one of the "four books" of the
Shia; it may however be suggested that instead of mentioning the whole
book, he gave the title of each of the chapters. That is the only explanation
which accords with the additional fact that there is a wide disparity between
the list given by him and his contemporary Tusi, who is also one of the most
respected of Shi'ite doctors.
Mus. iii. 547-719 deals with the authorities cited in this work.
- An-Nusus 'ala'l-a'immati'I-Ithna'ashar.
Not mentioned by Najashi or Tusi.
GAL, i. 187; Paris, 20182 Kashf, 3268, says that it is ascribed to
the Shaykh. The authenticity is therefore very doubtful.
Najashi. Is this a chapter from some work or a
separate work? Iv. ASB. Ar., 614 (?). It is doubtful whether this is the work of
Saduq or of Qadi Nu'man.
Najashi, Kashf, 3392; cf. Kashf, 3396
RJ says this is not mentioned by the author of Amalu'1-Amil (558).
GAL, Sup. i. 322; Ind. Of., 4632 (A. J. Arberry in JRAS
for 1939,395-6); Berlin, Brock., Sup., p.952.
Lith. Persia, 1276/1860; Sarkis, Mujam, 44;
Br. Mus., Cat. Arab. Print. Books, 163.
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