Monday 18th June 2018
Mon 18 Jun
No events for today
Tue 19 Jun
No events for today
Wed 20 Jun
No events for today
Thu 21 Jun
21:00 - 21:50 Thursday Programme
Du'a Kumayl followed by Salaat, Ziyarat and Refreshments.
Fri 22 Jun
20:30 - 22:00 Friday Programme
There is no Friday programme this week. Our regular programme begins next Friday.
Sat 23 Jun
No events for today
Sun 24 Jun
No events for today


 With regard to the works of Shaykh Saduq, it has already been pointed out that Najashi mentions 193, the Qisasu'l-'Ulama' 189, Tusi 43 and Rawdatu'l-Jannat 17 works. The last-named work says that he is the author of 300 books; this clearly follows the tradition of earlier authorities. This wide divergence in number, although it cannot be fully explained, may be due to the fact that the titles mentioned by Najashi may, in a large number of cases, be called the chapters of a book, rather than books themselves. It is also possible that in some instances the same book may have been known by two different names.

 The lists below first consists of the books which are known and extant.

 The two earliest authorities are Tusi and Najashi, and they give the following authorities for their statements:

TUSI. After mentioning 43 works, he says that there also exist smaller works, the names of which are not known to him (p.305). His sources are a number of people, chief among whom are (1) Shaykh Abu 'Abdi'l-lah Muhammad b. Md. b. Nu'man, (2) al-Husayn b. 'Ubaydu'l-lah, (3) Abu'l-Hasan Ja'far b. al-Hasan b. Khaska (?) al-Qummi, and (4) Abu Zakariya' Md. b. Sulayman al-Hamrani, all of whom were personally in touch with the author.

 NAJASHI. He says that some of the books were actually read by his father 'Ali b. Ahmad b. al-'Abbas an-Najashi- with the author, and the rest were specifically mentioned by him (the father) when he heard of them at Baghdad. The father was given an ijaza by Sh. Saduq to teach all the books.

 It is very interesting to observe that Khwansari in Rawdatu'l-Jannat, after mentioning 17 works, observes that "the rest of the works have not come down to us".

It will be observed that a full reference to all manuscript catalogues has not been possible in Bombay. Hence only a selection from the most important catalogues has been made. Nevertheless, it is hoped that a clear idea of the extant works of the Shaykh can be obtained from List A, and List B may be used for reference as Najashi is not always available and an alphabetical arrangement may facilitate reference. The manuscript catalogues used are indicated by abbreviations which can easily be identified with the help of Brockelmann's Geschichte der arab ischen Litteratur and the recent Supplement, where full references are to be found. The only exceptions are Sipahsalar, Browne and one or two others, which are included in the list of abbreviations.

Works known and preserved


    • Risalatu'l-I'tiqadat.

     Not mentioned by Tusi or Najashi. Kashf, 239; RJ, no.14.

    Text. GAL, i. 187; GAL, Sup. i. 322 (7) numerous references. According to Brockelmann "Eng. Trans. By A.A.A.Fyzee, 1932" (!); Browne, p.16;Brit.Mus.,851; Cod. Br. Mus., add. 19,623; Rieu, 385; Pet: Am., 61; lv. ASB. Ar., 828,829, 830;Berlin, 1944.

    Lith. Najaf 1343/1924-25 (together with three other risalas), pp.234 = N; Delhi (with Urdu trans. by Md. I'jaz Husayn), Ithna'Ashari Press, 1347 (1st ed. 1332), Tehran (together with four other risalas), 1274 = T.

    Persian Translation. Iv. Cur., 386. Sipahsalar, vol. ii, is not available to me, but in vol.i, p.534, no.1839 is mentioned in the footnote.

    Commentary. Arabic, Tashihu’l-I’tiqadat by Sh. Mufid, see GAL, Sup. i. 323. Printed in the Arabic periodical al-Murshid, Baghdad, 1344 sqq., vols. I, II and III were available to me by the kindness of the Rampur State Library. The rest, not available. A MS. copy exists in the Asafiya (Hyderabad, Deccan). Mufid differs on many points from Saduq, but according to RJ the truth is with both of them, 563.

    Tehran, 621/8 (ii. 379) mentions a Persian sharh by Abu'1 Fath Husayni.


     2. Ikmalu’din wa Itmamu'n Ni'ma fi Ithbatu'l-ghayba wa Kashfu'l-hayra.

    Kashf, 271, add not mentioned by Najashi or Tusi. RJ doubts authorship.

    Text. Ed. F. Moller, Heidelberg, 1901; Sarkis, Mu'jam, 44; GAL, Sup. i. 322, many references. Berlin, 2721/2; Paris, 1231; Manchester, 807; Heidelberg. ZS, x. 74; Blochet, Nouv. Acq., 6666; Sipahsalar, vol. I, nos. 97,271, 272 (pp.204-207), gives good account of Saduq and Ruknu'd-Dawla.


    3. Kitabu'l-Amali (Al-majalis)

    Kashf 278; RJ; but not mentioned either by Najashi or Tusi under this name. The majalis of early authorities is probably the Amali of later ones. See also no.12 below.

    GAL, i. 187; Sup.i,321,322; Berlin, 1269;Tehran, ii. 24-25 (p.11) Meshed, iv. 3, 5, 8;W. Ivanow in JRAS for 1920,543.

    Lith. Tehran, 1300 AH.; Brit. Mus., Cat. of Print. Books, 163. The Amali is a closely printed book (10 by 6 inches) of 402 pp., consisting of 97 babs, and containing many interesting things on a variety of subjects.


    4. Kitabu'l-Tawhid.

    Tusi (29); Najashi; RJ; Kashf 2391.

    GAL, Sup. i. 322; Meshed, JRAS for 1920, 543 (3 copies); Sipahsalar, 106, 295, 296 (pp.229-230).

    Lith. Tabriz or Tehran (?); no date or place, pp. 383, 7 by 4½ inches, containing 64 babs.


    5. Kitab Thawabu'1-A'mal.

    Najashi; Tusi (34);RJ (10); Kashf, 733.

    GAL, Sup. i. 322; Browne, 10; Manchester, 94.


    6. Kitabu'l-Khisal.

    Najashi; RJ; Kashf, 1050.

    GAL, Sup. i. 322; Meshed, W. Ivanow in JRAS for 1920,545

    Lith. Tehran, 1302; Sarkis, Mu'jam, 44.


    7. Kitabu's-Sahw.


    Berlin, 1370; apparently only one known copy. Sh. Mufid wrote a refutation of this, RJ, 564.


      • Kitab 'Iqabu'l-A'mal.

      Najashi; Tusi (35); Kashf, 2120; GAL, Sup. i. 322.


      • Kitab ‘Ilali'sh-Shara'i' wa’l-Ahkam.

       Najashi; Tusi (20); RJ; Kashf 2129.

      GAL, i. 187; Sup.i. 321; Berlin, 8326, 8327;Br. Mus., 1196, add. 23, 261 (p.542); Iv. ASB. Ar., 1038; Sipahsalar, 132 (pp.278-279)


      • Kitabu'l-'Ilal ghayr mubawwab.

       Najashi; Tusi (25).

      Cf. GAL, i. 187 (al- 'ilal); not known whether a separate work. Cf. Berlin, 8326, 8327.


      • 'Uyun Akhbar 'r-Rida.

       Not mentioned by Najashi or Tusi; RJ; Kashf, 2149.

      GAL, i. 187; Sup. i. 321; Berlin, 9663; Munich, 188. 456; Paris, 2018; Br. Mus., 1619; and or. 130 (p.730); India Office, 146; Meshed, W. Ivanow, JRAS for 1920; 543 (3 copies); Tehran, 550; Sipahsalar, 135, 360, 361, 362, 364 (PP.282-283).

      Lith. Tehran, 1275 A. H.

      Persian Translation. Bankipore, 507 (vi. 150) Sipahsalar, 103 (p.225).

      Persian Paraphrase. Iv. ASB. Per., 1108, 1109.


      12. Dhikr majlis al-ladhi jara lahu bayna yaday Ruknu'd-Dawla.


      GAL, i. 187, Sup i. 322; Br Mus., add. 16,832 (31), p.403; Strothmann Isl. XXI, 307. Kashf, 3120 gives another title: Najashi mentions it and goes on. It is probable that all of these are now collected in the lithographed text of the Amali (no.3 above) which consists of 97 majlis.


      13. Ma'ani'l-Akhbar.

      Najashi; Tusi (36); RJ; Kashf, 2992.

      GAL, i. 187; Sup. i. 321; India Office, 145.

      Persian Translation. Tehran, 25(ii. 16).


        • Kitabu'l-Muqni' fi'l-fiqh.

         Najashi; Tusi; Kashf, 3079.

        GAL, Sup. i. 322 (13).

        Lith Persia, 1860 A. H.; Sarkis, Mu’jam, 44; Br. Mus., Cat. Arab Print. Books, 164.


        • Man la yahdhuru-hu'l-Faqhih.

         Not mentioned by Najashi; Tusi (28); RJ; Kashf 3170.

        GAL, i. 187; Sup. i. 321 (numerous references); Berlin, 4782/3; Pet., 250; Br. Mus., 905; Sup., 330, add. 19,358; Ind. Of., 289; Paris, 1108; Blochet, Nouv. Acq., 6615, 6616, 5559, 6662; Bodl. ii. 84-86; Buhar, 50; Bankipore, 263, 264, 479; Sipahsalar, 154 (and 10 other copies), gives full and very valuable account of its composition. See below.

        Lith. Lucknow, A.H. 1306-7, 4 vols.; Sarkis, Mu'jam, 44; Br. Mus., Cat. Arab. Print. Books, 164.

        Persian Commentary. Iv. Cur., 381; Bankipore, 1258, 1259, 1260.

        With regard to its composition, the author writes in the introduction that when he was at Ilaq, near Balkh, he met Sharafu'd-din Abu 'Abdi'l-lah, known as Ni'matu'l-lah, Md. b. Hasan b. Ishaq b. Husayn b. Ishaq b. Musa b. Ja'far as -Sadiq and greatly profited by his learned company and discourse. They discussed the book Man la yahduru-hu’t-Tabib of Md. b. Zakariya ar-Razi and Ni'matu'l-lah asked him to compose a book regarding what is lawful and unlawful and the sharia and its rulings. Sh. Saduq agreed to the suggestion and composed the book (Sipahsalar, i. 325). The title is reminiscent of Ismaili Law of Wills, p.1.

        It is difficult to give an explanation why Najashi does not mention this the most important of the Shaykh's works, one of the "four books" of the Shi’a; it may however be suggested that instead of mentioning the whole book, he gave the title of each of the chapters. That is the only explanation which accords with the additional fact that there is a wide disparity between the list given by him and his contemporary Tusi, who is also one of the most respected of Shi'ite doctors.

        Mus. iii. 547-719 deals with the authorities cited in this work.


        • An-Nusus 'ala'l-a'immati'I-Ithna'ashar.

        Not mentioned by Najashi or Tusi.

        GAL, i. 187; Paris, 20182 Kashf, 3268, says that it is ascribed to the Shaykh. The authenticity is therefore very doubtful.


        • Kitdbu'n-Nikah.

         Najashi. Is this a chapter from some work or a separate work? Iv. ASB. Ar., 614 (?). It is doubtful whether this is the work of Saduq or of Qadi Nu'man.


        • Kitabu'l-Hidaya.

         Najashi, Kashf, 3392; cf. Kashf, 3396 RJ says this is not mentioned by the author of Amalu'1-Amil (558).

        GAL, Sup. i. 322; Ind. Of., 4632 (A. J. Arberry in JRAS for 1939,395-6); Berlin, Brock., Sup., p.952.

        Lith. Persia, 1276/1860; Sarkis, Mu’jam, 44; Br. Mus., Cat. Arab. Print. Books, 163.

        Back to contents